Understanding Redux

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As applications grow in complexity, maintaining a consistent and predictable state across various components can be daunting. This is where Redux, a predictable state container for JavaScript applications, comes into play. In this blog, we will delve into what Redux is, why it’s beneficial, and how to integrate it into your projects.

What is Redux?

Redux is an open-source JavaScript library used for managing and centralizing application state. It was created by Dan Abramov and Andrew Clark in 2015. Its’ most commonly used with libraries like React or Angular for building user interfaces. The core principle of Redux is to make the state mutations predictable by enforcing certain rules and conventions.

Redux operates on a few fundamental principles:

Single Source of Truth: The entire state of your application is stored in a single object tree within a single store. This makes it easy to inspect and debug the state at any given time.

State is Read-Only: The only way to change the state is to emit an action, an object describing what happened. This ensures that the state transitions are traceable and predictable.

Changes are Made with Pure Functions: To specify how the state tree is transformed by actions, you write pure functions called reducers. Reducers take the current state and an action, and return a new state. Since reducers are pure functions, they do not have side effects, making them predictable and easier to test.

Why Use Redux?

While Redux can introduce additional complexity and boilerplate code to an application, the benefits it offers can be substantial, especially for large-scale applications:

Predictable State Management: Redux’s strict rules about how state can be updated make it easier to understand how data flows through the application, which in turn simplifies debugging and testing.

Centralized State: With Redux, the entire application state is kept in a single store, which can be very advantageous for maintaining the state consistency across different parts of an application.

Ease Of Debugging: Tools like Redux DevTools allow developers to inspect every state change, log actions, and even “time travel” to previous states, which can be invaluable for debugging complex state transitions.

Maintainable Code: Redux encourages writing small, pure, and isolated functions (reducers), which can make your codebase more modular and maintainable.

Great Ecosystem: Redux has a robust ecosystem with many middleware and extensions available, like Redux Thunk or Redux Saga for handling asynchronous actions, making it a versatile choice for various needs.

Core Concepts in Redux

To effectively use Redux, it’s essential to understand its core concepts: actions, reducers, and the store.

Actions: Actions are plain JavaScript objects that represent an intention to change the state. Actions must have a type property that indicates the type of action being performed. They can also carry additional data if needed.

const ADD_TODO = ‘ADD_TODO’;

const addTodo = (text) => ({
type: ADD_TODO,
payload: text

Reducers: Reducers are functions that take the current state and an action as arguments and return a new state. They specify how the state changes in response to an action.

const initialState = {
todos: []

const todoReducer = (state = initialState, action) => {
switch (action.type) {
case ADD_TODO:
return {
todos: […state.todos, action.payload]
return state;

Store: The store is an object that holds the application state. It provides methods to dispatch actions, subscribe to changes, and get the current state.

import { createStore } from ‘redux’;

const store = createStore(todoReducer);

store.subscribe(() => console.log(store.getState()));

store.dispatch(addTodo(‘Learn Redux’));

Integrating Redux with React

Redux is often used with React to manage the state of components. The react-redux library provides bindings to help integrate Redux with React applications seamlessly. Here’s a basic example:

Setting Up the Store

import { createStore } from ‘redux’;
import { Provider } from ‘react-redux’;
import React from ‘react’;
import ReactDOM from ‘react-dom’;
import App from ‘./App’;
import todoReducer from ‘./reducers’;

const store = createStore(todoReducer);

<Provider store={store}>
<App />

Connecting Components:

import React from ‘react’;
import { connect } from ‘react-redux’;
import { addTodo } from ‘./actions’;

const TodoApp = ({ todos, addTodo }) => {
let input;

return (
<input ref={node => input = node} />
<button onClick={() => {
input.value = ”;
Add Todo
{todos.map((todo, index) => (
<li key={index}>{todo}</li>

const mapStateToProps = state => ({
todos: state.todos

const mapDispatchToProps = {

export default connect(mapStateToProps, mapDispatchToProps)(TodoApp);

In this example, the TodoApp component is connected to the Redux store using the connect function from react-redux. The mapStateToProps function maps the state to the component’s props, and mapDispatchToProps provides the addTodo action creator as a prop.


Redux can be a powerful tool for managing the state in JavaScript applications, particularly as they scale in size and complexity. By enforcing a unidirectional data flow and using pure functions to manage state changes, Redux makes applications more predictable, easier to debug, and more maintainable. While it might add some initial complexity, the long-term benefits of having a well-organized and maintainable state management system often outweigh the costs. Whether you’re building a small app or a large-scale application, understanding and utilizing Redux can significantly enhance your development workflow.


Redux Docs
Redux Image